Philippines: A Nation of Servants?

Nakakatuwa at nakakalungkot na isipin na ang Filipinas ay nasion ng mga tagapagsilbi o naninilbihan.

Ang unang pumasok sa aking isipan nang mabasako ang balitang ito ay: “E, ano? Hindi nga ba?”

Karamihan naman sa atin ay nagsasabing huwaran tayong manilbihan, mula sa pangaral ng simbahan na walang pag-iimbot na paninilbihan hanggang sa mapagkunwaring mga public servants.

Hindi ba pinangalandakan ng ating butihing pangulong si Gloria Arroyo sa harap ng UN na ang mga Filipino ay handang manilbihan? Hindi ba’t matagal na nating inilalako ang mga Filipino sa ibang bansa? Tinawag pa nga natin ang mga OFW na mga bagong bayani.

Ipinagmamayabang pa nga ng mga opisyales kung may bagong order ang ilang bansa sa mga Filipinong maninilbihan. “O, heto ang magandang balita”, sabi pa nga nila.

Aminin man natin o hindi, ang ekonomiya ng Filipinas ay nakadepende sa mga padala ng mga naninilbihan sa ibang bansa.

Sa Filipinas mo rin lang mababalitaan na ang mga doctor ay nag-aaral ng nursing o gustong maging nurse para manilbihan sa ibang bansa. Tapos sabihin natin na kulang tayo ng kualidad na mga nars?

Naglipana na rin ang mga paaralan ng caregiving. Ano ba ang caregiver sa tingin ninyo? Hindi ba ito’y naninilbihan din? Ang masakit pa diyan ay mga professional ang karamihan sa mga tsimay na Filipino sa ibang bansa. Nakapag-aral na guro, tsimay sa Hongkong?

Ang komento sana na ito ay tanggapin natin bilang hamon. Ipakita natin na ang kaya nating i-export ay hindi lang tao. Pati rin ang mga may kalidad na produkto. Sabiko nga sa aking biro: the best Philippines’ export quality product is Filipino herself.

Hoy! Gising! Huwag reklamo ang atupagin ninyo. Gumawa tayo ng paraan na sa atin manilbihan ang mga kababayan natin. Ipakita natin sa buong mundo na mali sila sa husga nila sa Filipino.

Mali nga ba sila?

Red Blood’s Farm

(I posted this piece at my other site last October 2008. I planned to have an English site at but it is not wise for me to manage two sites at a time. I will transfer them here one at a time. Happy reading…)

When I was just half a man and was only beginning to question my existence, I used to walk with my Apong Lakay some weekend’s mornings, roaming around our bangkag and talon. My Apong Lakay was in his early 70s but kept on visiting his farm to which he toiled for almost all his years.

While walking along some tamtambak, I asked, “How did you acquire this farm, Apong?”

He was mesmerized by the question and glanced on me with sparkling eyes and I noticed (I just only remember now how happy he was.) he traveled down memory lanes.

He said, “I almost poured all my blood here and lost plenty of bucketful sweats.”

Astonished, I asked, “Blood? Like the red blood I saw when I cut my finger with the buneng?”

“Yes”, he said. “This is Talon ti Nalabaga a Dara. I poured so much blood for this farm. It almost bled me to death just to ensure that you all, appok, could see the fruits of my labor.”

Everytime I learned that some farmers were selling their hard earned farm lots, I remembered my Apong Lakay’s words. I always ask WHY?

It is ironic that farmers sell their farm lots to send their children to school and will hope for all the best to come. That, when the daughters or sons finish their schooling and hopefully land a job, a modest paying job at the most, they will buy farm lots for their fathers including dividends, some added square meters.

But, the hard thing to swallow is that not all daughters or sons could finish school or land a modest job in our Beloved Motherland. Maybe to Adorable Otherland. When this time comes, the daughters or sons have no more farm lots to go back to, the family has no more farm lots to cling to.

You may say to me that I am naïve; that I could not feel the happiness of seeing children strolling to school; that I could not feel the triumph of holding up high the piece of paper, the diploma, or certificate of completion. Again, it is ironic swapping the Land Title Certificate to Certificate of Graduation. I am not judging people but I am just recalling what had happened to me and to some families or maybe, I assumed, you are one of us.

Or maybe, farmers sell their farm lots because they could see that their children has no ambitions to inherit the hardships of toiling under the sun or arching their backs against the rain. They want to become nurses, engineers, seamen, caregivers, all except farmers. Or maybe, farming is not anymore a profitable business?

But. Was my Apong Lakay so fool in keeping the farm lots, of pouring almost his last drop of blood and of draining his self to the last of his sweats?

I assume, every one of us wants to have a Red Blood’s Farm, a fatherland, a motherland, to which we could offer our last drop of blood and last air of breath.

We must cling to our dearest farm.

There are wars because of foods not oil. We need oil to produce foods. We have our lands to produce foods. All political reasons of rebellions and wars could be summed up to having land. All could be summed up as “My Territory”, my land, and my own food.

With this crisis that just befell on us, everybody are complaining that the price of rice is not affordable. I wondered so much. Though, I am also hard up because I am not into farming.

Mostly of the people lining in for a kilo of rice are claiming that they are farmers. I could not understand that farmers have to fall in line to have a kilo of rice for in fact, rice is their own product. They should be in front of the line selling their rice, their produce for us consumers who are not farmers. I should be at the place of that farmer in the line for 18.25 rice.

Farmers should be happy when their products’ prices skyrocketed to the top.

But, who is selling rice? Those people who bought the farmers’ farm lots. Gadamit!

Then, describe to me the feeling of falling in line buying the product that you could produce if you have not sold your farm lots. It takes a lot of humility to accept WHY.

Life, indeed, is full of contradictions.

Again, I remembered my Apong Lakay’s Red Blood’s Farm. I should cling to it. I know it will not fail me.

Everyone’s Red Blood Farm should become a resting place of a wounded farmer’s soul.

life is a mathematical equation

(I composed this piece with my son, Hans, for his project in math subject some months ago. The highlighted words below were my son’s choices as mathematically related words.)

(for my son, Hans)

Life is like looking for a quotient, indeed.
As we stand at life’s crossroads,
and in these crossroads, we count all
the options after dividing our choices.

1,2,3,…, there,
we have the freedom to know
all life’s equations after appreciating
our problems and solutions
and enjoying the sum of the whole,
pointing to our dividends that indeed,
life is a mathematical equation.

In these crossroads, we see
life is not a fraction
and not in algebraic calculations,
not to how many times we multiply
what we have borrowed from above,
or below, and not to the highest exponents
we could crown as laurels in our heads.

But, to how many times
we multiply the goodness
that we have and add
the people we served
and subtracted all
that we don’t deserved.

Just beyond the bend,
the odds wanted to get even
to what we think as the end.
But, God is so wise to give us
the problems and guide us through
all solutions like our teacher who gave us
the x of finding what
are missing.

Indeed, life is an equation
and prod us to find out
We only need to find the correct

Creative Writing:Towards the Enrichment of Pangasinan and Ilocano Literature by F. Sionil Jose

The University of Pangasinan, in celebration of its 84th Foundation Anniversary and the conferment of the Degree Doctor of Humanities Honoris Causa upon Prof. Francisco Sionil Jose (National Artist for Literature, 2001 & Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for Journalism, Literature and Creative Communication Arts, 1980), conducted a Writers’ Conference last February 11, 2009 at the University of Pangasinan Language Institute which was participated in by teachers and students of creative writing, journalists and other writing enthusiasts.

The activity was envisioned as an opportunity to promote the use of Pangasinan as a medium of literary / creative writing.

Prof. F. Sionil Jose talked about Creative Writing:Towards the Enrichment of Pangasinan and Ilocano Literature.

Unfortunately, I was not able to attend the seminar. Here is a copy of Prof. F.Sionil Jose’s speech during the occasion (downloaded from our yahoogroups, ulupannasaraytagapangasinan):

Rosales where I was born is close to the borders of Tarlac and Nueva Ecija. My forefathers were Ilokanos who migrated to this part of the province at the turn of the 19th century; they had intended to go to the Cagayan Valley but were enamored by the lure of the verdant plains of eastern Pangasinan and they decided to settle there instead. In the early thirties, as a boy, I witnessed this migration; the Ilokanos came in their bull carts with their plows the uprooted posts of their houses and weaving looms. They parked in the town plaza for the night. They were all Ilokanos; some of those who came in bull carts were Pangasinan traders with coconut candy (bocayo) dried fish, salt and bagoong to sell.

There was commerce and, of course, intermarriage and one of my cousins married a pretty girl from Calasiao.

I got interested in history, having read Rizal’s novels in Grade School, and concentrated on the Revolution of 1896 after I learned that my grandfather was in it. I came to know so many details, the building of the railroad to Dagupan, the flight of Aguinaldo’s aid Colonel Villa, the father of the poet Jose Garcia Villa, described the town of San Carlos as surrounded by jungle still. This was, mind you, in 1899. Such details were retrieved when I wrote POON the first novel in my Rosales saga. In the novel, too, there is a girl from Lingayen whose family was killed by pirates of the Ilokos coast. This heroic woman becomes the wife of Istak, the novel’s main character, who follows Aguinaldo to Tirad Pass.

I cite all these to impress upon you the importance of Pangasinan in my work, and of history to all of us. This province, aside from one of the richest and the largest in the country, is a focal point of history. It is here were Limahong was based, where Princess Urduja—whether real or not—reign, where Palaris fought the Spaniards. Close by is the beach where the Japanese landed in 1941 and where the Americans and MacArthur returned in 1945. Indeed, Pangasinan province occupies a precious niche in our country’s history.

I am sorry to note that Pangasinan as a literary language is waning. It should not and I am glad that there is an effort now to revive it. Santiago B. Villafania has just published a book of sonnets in Pangasinan. I hope that one of these days; this University will set up a Center of Pangasinan Studies to record the culture, the contribution of the people of Pangasinan to the national trove.

Having said these let me now thank the University for honoring me as a writer. Most Filipino’s, our leaders included, do not consider literature important— it is only storytelling and, therefore, mere entertainment. Moreover, although our national hero was a novelist, Filipinos do not read novels.

I will dispute these common assumptions if only to rationalize my vocation—for writing is indeed a vocation. Writers are historians, too. It is in literature that the greater truths about a people and their past are found. Perceptive scholars read the literature of societies they are studying for this reason, and more. A people’s culture is best dredged and understood from their literature.

Writers are also the ultimate teachers for it is only in literature that we learn ethics—not in classes in religion or theology. The literary depiction of life and its moral dilemmas compels us to use our conscience, to make those infallible distinctions between right and wrong.

Today, more than any time in our history, we need to be ethical. More than this vital function, literature anchors us tenaciously to the land in its evocation of time and place. It helps construct the sense of identity and preserve our racial memory without which there is no nation. Just remember this, what is England without Shakespeare, Greece without Homer, Spain without Cervantes. Great writers helped shape the identities of these equally great nations.

What is our history/ it is so many centuries of colonialism, of Filipinos oppressed by foreign powers? Colonialism subdues in many dulcet guises. It conquered under the pretext of spreading Christianity, civilization, law and order. To make the world safe for democracy. As an African writer said, “The European missionaries came and told us to close our eyes and pray. And we did, but when we opened our eyes, our lands were gone.”

To paraphrase this, I now say, the Americans told us to go to school to be educated, and we did but when we left school, we realized that we have lost our souls.

What is the logic of colonialism? It is very simple—exploitati on. The imperialist has no compunction about exploiting a people then sending his native land. When I visited Spain for the first time in 1955, I saw those magnificent churches, even the humblest chapels, and found their altars gorgeously gilded with silver was plundered by the conquistador from Mexico, from South America.

If colonialism, by whatever devious way it seduces is exploitation, therefore, colonialism is immoral.

I say this emphasize this for there are so many among us who apologize for Spanish or American colonialism. As Rizal also said, slaves get to love their chains.

I come from a barrio where the agrarian problem still rankles. From the Spanish regime onwards, peasant uprisings were common all over Filipinas. My forefathers, unlettered Ilokano peasants who migrated to eastern Pangasinan were victimized by the mestizo ilustrados who stole the land my forebears clawed from the forest. In 1931 the colorum peasant uprising erupted in Tayug, Pangasinan close to my hometown. And in 1935, the Sakdal revolt engulfed parts of Laguna, Bulacan and Nueva Ecija. In the early 1950’s when I was in the old Manila times, the Huk uprising was its zenith. All these were lucid precursors of the New People’s Army rebellion which exacerbates and torments us to this very day.

In pleading for agrarian reform in the fifties, just as I still do today, I quoted the American social reformer; Wendell Philip’s who said, “If land is in the hands of a few, you don’t have a democracy. You have an oligarchy.”

Infused with the virus of colonialism, these elites have no loyalty to this country, they have no faith in the talent of Filipinos. And because they have no filthy to this nation, they send their loot abroad—the Chinese mestizos to China and to Taiwan, the Spanish mestizos to Spain and Europe, and the Indios like Marcos send their billions to Switzerland, to America, instead of keeping those moneys here to modernized this country, to create new industries, so that our women need not go abroad to work as housemaids and prostitutes- –so that the bulk of you will not leave your families in search for greener pastures.

I have stated simply our national malaise, the reason for our poverty. For so many decades, I have also suggested a solution—national ism directed to the upliftment of the common Filipino. This, the Filipino peasant understands instinctively Pedro Calosa who led the Colorum uprising in Tayug in 1931 explained it to me so succinctly, so simply. “God created land, air and water for all men, not just for one man or one family. It is against God’s laws for one man or one family to own all of it.”

Nationalism is to be lived, it is not just the flag, or the singing of the national anthem. The nationalist icons of my generation Recto and Tanada were merely anti-American; both opposed agrarian reform in the Fifties, the single most important political action that would have provided social justice for the millions who are oppressed.

Nationalism is education, the wisdom for us to elect public officials we can be proud of, not ignoramus movie stars and basketball players.

Nationalism means being rooted in this soil acting out the truth, which is justice in action. This justice is not an abstraction, for our very poor it is three meals a day. Are you aware that today so many poor Filipinos eat only once a day? Education for our children, medicine, and medical care for the poor who are sick. When government cannot assure these to its citizens, it commits violence. Who promote bad government? The crooked politician, the racketeering businessman, the traitorous oligarch.

Do we ostracize them? NO, we glorify them in front pages of our newspapers, we give them awards, we give them awards, we invite them to grace our social gatherings when we should spit at their faces, or at the very least, turn our backs to them.
How long will it take us to turn this country around? Look at Vietnam now; after it had resolved its internal contradiction and defeated the Americans in 1975 – it is well on the way to progress, it could even surpass us. Look at Japan after the Meiji Restoration in 1886-in thirty years, it had become a major power, defeating Russia in 1901. Look at Korea, Taiwan, even Japan again after World War II. After the rubble of the Korean War in 1953, or the flight of the Nationalists to Taiwan in 1949, in one generation they were able to develop into dynamic countries they are today. And Singapore next door- what was it in the 1950’s? No more than a backwater port not much different from Binondo.

It is not just the oligarchy then that is the enemy- it is us ourselves. And education will resolve our difficulties and catapult us towards prosperity and peace. My generation was influenced by barnacled ideas, by Marxism, by anti-Americanism which in some instances is legitimate, but these ideologies are not enough. I am glad that it has started, this long and tedious process of reexamination, of education and change that is so difficult and painful to achieve.

And this education is not just learning how to produce cheaper and better products as did Korea and Taiwan. It has to do with our insides, our guts. It involves imbibing in our blood stream iron confidence, deep and lasting pride in our sinews so that our very rich won’t send their monies abroad. They will then stop erecting shopping malls, fancy condominiums, plush resorts and golf courses; they will start building instead more factories, more research facilities, so that our brilliant young people will stay. How wonderful it would be our if our banks do not behave like pawn shops but as sources of venture capital, if our businessmen realize that money is like fertilizer, to do any good it must be spread around.

We are now 90 million- just think of this population not as a liability but as an asset, a mass market. Remember, too, that Japan was only 60 million when it challenged the United States in 1941. We don’t need to challenge a foreign power- all we have to do now is challenge ourselves.

Look deep within ourselves, and remember, that the indelible love of this earth and people is in the heart, that when it dies there, no constitution can ever revive it.

Let me remind you-we have many things to be proud of, not just Manny Pacquiao. A corrupt leadership? Ramon Magsaysay, Jose W. Diokno, Manny Pelaez – Raul Manglapus –just a few sterling names to wash away the perception. Just think of our history – -of our recent past. Remember the Battle of Tirad Pass in December in 1899, where the young general Gregorio del Pilar and 48 of his men died defending against the invading American Texas Rangers. It is no different from the Battle of Thermopylae in ancient Greece, where King Leonidas and his Spartans died to a man defending that pass against the invading Persians.

We mounted the first Asian revolution against Western imperialism and set up Asia’s first Republic in Malolos in 1898. More than any country in Southeast Asia, we fought the Japanese bravely, in World War II. Not just in Bataan but in a nationwide guerilla war. All of thus is forgotten. And Rizal – what country has ever produced someone like him, a poet, a novelist, a linguist, a medical doctor, an anthropologist and a martyr at 35.

We go through life remembering those soothing bromides, those gladsome messages from the ancients and hope that we will be guided by them. Let us then hearken to Mabini’s Decalogue, the Ten Commandments.

In this rickety age of 84 and still writing, I recall how, when death was at his doorstep, Alexander the Great had asked that he be buried with his hand outstretched and empty to show to the world, half of which is his dominion- that he was not bringing anything with him to the grave, not even a clod of earth. If all rich Filipinos imbibed this truth in their bones, we will be a prosperous nation.

I need not tell you of all the brutal reality outside, that the air is foul, that the people are unkind, and that the powerful who hand out jobs can be finicky and callous. I hope that you are spiritually prepared, and iron hearted enough to face this reality of our unhappy country.

I pray, too, that you will remember always that you are not Pangasinan, Tagalog or Ilokano, but that you are Filipino, heir to an exalted past which tells us that in our genes are the eternal codes of what we truly are, a heroic people.

This is it. Prof. Sonny Villafania asked FSJ about this speech and indeed, there was an error. This is the correct version:

“I pray, too, that you will remember always that you are not only Pangasinan, Tagalog or Ilokano, but that you are Filipino, heir to an exalted past which tells us that in our genes are the eternal codes of what we truly are, a heroic people.”

Pumaratipit Dagiti Uni ti Saltek

Philippines recovers 1.8bln dlrs from Marcos
-AFP, Wednesday, March 04, 2009
Farmers shaved their heads in protest
-Phil.Star, Wednesday, March 04, 2009

Papanan koma ti kuarta
a naikapuds no di met laeng iti suli
dagiti manglimlimo a bulsa
wenno ti siket dagiti buakaw a supot
a sitatanggaya a nakanganga nga agur-uray
ti matnag a bunga ti inigges a mangga?

Pumaratipit kunak koma dagiti uni ti saltek,
adda arte kunak koma manen,
ngem daanen dagitoy a drama
kaslan kalakay ti panalteek dagiti tungpa
kadagiti parupa ti diario idi sariugma.

Agay-ayat manen dagiti kamalala
ti manglimlimo a bulsa. Adda manen
bilion nga agar-arimasa.
Maiwarsi dagiti baria ta isu ti babantot
ken ti manakliing nga agaweng a murmuray
ti pusa a nagginudo kadagiti bara
ti dalikan a naynay a maulcer ti maisaang a banga.
Dagiti papel ket makunesda a mailakasa
mailukotlukot kadagiti bulsa
ti abungot a penpen ket maigigir
kadagiti ngaretteb dagiti bao nga agsapul ti rutrot
tapno rumuarto a baro ken naalmidor
a pangliwliwa kadagiti mannala ti chacha
kadagiti komedor.

Iti isu met laeng a damag
makalbon dagiti talon a siuungap
a kas met ti panagkalbo dagiti mannalon ti arapaap.
Saan laeng a ti gurong ti maurotan ti buok
pati pay ketdin ti tuktok
gapu iti gaddil nga itden ti rarasa ti nakem
ta uray ti ulo ket saanen a pakawanen dagiti alimatek.
Saanen nga umanay ti panagpungot ti buok.
Magetteng pay ketdin a kas protesta
ket maiwagayway ti panawen a nasalimuot.

Padaananyo ket aglalanglangto manen
dagiti supot nga agtikrab
manipud ti bussog ti pappapel a nalukot.
Mabatinto latta dagiti pusa nga agammusay ti awan.
Ti panalteek ti saltek ket maisaluketto latta
kadagiti bautek wenno kadagiti sallabawan.
Maurotto aminen a buok uray payen urmot
dagiti amma ti arado ken suyod.
Agmuttalengto amin dagitoy kadagiti saludsod
no sadino ti ayannan dagiti nalukot
nga inna dagiti binting.

Maitungpatungpanto manen iti rupa
ti binilbilion a lunod ngem binting met laeng
dagiti manabtuog kadagiti agkupasen a sabot.